Glossary

Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia is an anxiety disorder that involves the fear of experiencing a panic attack in a place or situation from where escape may be difficult or embarrassing.

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Allergens

An allergen is a normal substance that causes an acute defensive reaction in a person's immune system, whereby the immune system recognises the allergens as foreign or dangerous.

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Alzheimers disease

Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia, affecting both men and women.

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Analgesic consumption

Analgesic consumption is where an analgesic or painkiller is taken orally. An analgesic is any member of the diverse group of drugs used to relieve pain.

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Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock is an allergic reaction to an allergen that can be fatal within minutes; either through swelling that shuts off airways or through a dramatic drop in blood pressure.

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Anchoring

Anchoring is a technique where an association is created between two separate elements where none existed before. Anchors are subtle and powerful, especially when they are attached to a strong emotion. The stronger the emotion, the stronger the anchor.

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Argyria

Argyria is a blue/grey skin discoloration resulting from excessive exposure to silver.

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Arthritis/osteoarthritis

Arthritis is a general term that simply means a painful condition of the joints.

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Attention Deficit Disorder /Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are defined by two types of behavioural problems; inattentiveness, and a combination of hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Common symptoms include a short attention span, restlessness, being easily distracted and constant fidgeting.

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Autism

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or syndrome is an increasingly popular term that refers to a broad definition of autism. This includes the classical form of the disorder, as well as closely related disabilities that share many of the core characteristics of autism but may not be as severe or extensive.

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Autoimmune diseases

Autoimmune diseases are where the body's own immune system is fighting other cells in the body that might not be diseased, and this can cause inflammation and pain. It may affect many parts of the body, like nerves, muscles and the digestive system.

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Autonomic control system

The autonomic control system is part of the peripheral nervous system, and has the important function of maintaining the internal environment of the human body in a steady condition.

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