Glossary

Ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative colitis is a long-term condition that affects the colon. The colon, which is also known as the large intestine, removes nutrients from undigested food and expels waste products from the body. Symptoms of ulcerative colitis can range from mild to severe, and include bloody diarrhoea, abdominal pain, a frequent need to go to the toilet and weight loss. For some people, the condition is a minor inconvenience, while for others it can seriously affect their quality of life.

Read more

Ultraviolet light

Ultraviolet light (UV) is regarded more as a range of wavelengths rather than anything specific. It is present in natural sunlight. However, it is invisible to the naked eye. The term ultraviolet derives from the Latin word ultra meaning "beyond". Violet is the colour of the shortest wavelengths of visible light and ultraviolet has an even shorter wavelength that goes beyond this range. UV light from the sun is responsible for tanning of the skin, but over exposure to this light can cause sunburn and even some forms of skin cancer.

Read more

Unani-tibb

Unani tibb is an Eastern form of medicine and herbalism, sometimes referred to as Islamic medicine. It is based on the ancient methods of medicine used and taught by Hippocrates, Galen and Avicenna and includes elements of healing systems from Persia, Arabia, India, China and classical Greece. A belief central to the core of the practice is that good health and a happy state of mind represent the normal constitution for balanced human beings.

Read more

Urology/urogenital

Urogenital refers to the urinary and genital organs. Urology is the branch of medicine that deals with the urinary tract in both males and females, and the genital tract or reproductive system in the male.

Read more