Arthritis/osteoarthritis

Arthritis is a general term that simply means a painful condition of the joints.

There are at least 200 specific forms of the condition. They range from those related to wear and tear of cartilage (such as osteoarthritis), to those associated with inflammation resulting from an overactive immune system, (such as rheumatoid arthritis). The causes of arthritis vary, depending on the type of arthritis, but they can include injury and infections or be hereditary.

Symptoms of arthritis include pain and tenderness limiting functions of joints, and inflammation characterised by joint stiffness, swelling, redness and warmth.

The treatment of arthritis is very dependent on the precise type of arthritis present and range from physical therapy to anti-inflammation medication and even surgical operations.

Glossary