Browse Conditions A-Z


Caffeine addiction

It is recognised widely that when coffee, tea, cocoa or the produce of the kola nut is ingested in large amounts and over lengthy periods of time, caffeine addiction can occur. The dependency on caffeine can cause several unpleasant symptoms including:

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Cancer refers to a class of malign diseases in which there is uncontrolled cell growth or division so that they invade into other areas of the body or spread via the lymph or blood system. This is in contrast to benign cancers which do not grow or invade or spread throughout the body.

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Candida is a yeast-like organism that lives naturally in small amounts in your mouth, gastrointestinal tract and skin.

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Carbon monoxide poisoning

Carbon monoxide poisoning can occur after the inhalation of this colourless, odourless and tasteless but highly toxic gas. The fumes can be produced in domestic or industrial settings by motor vehicles, heaters and certain tools and cooking equipment.

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Cardiovascular disorder

A cardiovascular disorder can refer to any disorder that involves the heart or blood vessels. But one of the most common cardiovascular disorders is atherosclerosis (arterial disease).

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A cataract occurs when the lens of the eye is clouded over. At first, this clouding of the lens may be translucent and it is still possible to see. But if the cataract is left untreated, it can gradually thicken until loss of vision or blindness occurs.

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Catarrh is caused by an infection — usually as a result of a cold or cough — that causes the mucous membranes in the head to swell.  

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Also sometimes known as ‘orange peel syndrome’ and ‘cottage cheese skin’, cellulite tends to affect mainly women after puberty, where the skin of the lower limbs, abdomen and pelvic region become dimpled.

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Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy ranges from mild to severe, and it is a general term used to describe a group of conditions that cause movement problems.

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Chakra imbalance

The word ‘chakra’ is derived from Sanskrit and means ‘wheel’. It refers to the seven energy centres in our body of which our consciousness and energy system is composed.

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While childbirth is not a disease or disorder, there are many different health and wellbeing supportive therapies which help mothers through the pre-natal, birth and post-natal periods, particularly where the mother is opting for natural childbirth.

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Children's special needs

Children’s special needs cover a wide array of disorders and diseases that affect children either mentally or physically. These can range from dyslexia, eating disorders and ADHD to disorders along the autism spectrum as well as cerebral palsy, holes in the heart and terminal illness.

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Cholera is an infectious disease that can be contracted through eating food or drinking water that has become contaminated with the cholera virus. Cholera symptoms include excessive diarrhoea and a rapidly dropping blood pressure and, at its most severe, it can lead rapidly to death, sometimes within hours.

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a general term that includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Sufferers of COPD, which is usually caused by smoking, experience restricted airflow to the lungs and symptoms include coughing and breathlessness. The best and most important treatment is to stop smoking.

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Circulatory disorders

Circulatory disorders is an umbrella term for any disease of the blood circulatory system of the body.

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Concussion is a head injury, usually caused by traumatic impact that can cause a range of physical, cognitive, and emotional symptoms, including brain injury, due to disrupted cellular processes in the brain.

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Conjunctivitis — otherwise known as "pink eye" or "Madras eye" — is an inflammation of the outermost layer of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids.

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Constipation usually happens when the digestive system absorbs too much water from the food as it passes through it. This sometimes happens when the food is moving too slowly, due to a sluggish digestive system. Constipation symptoms usually manifest as hard stools that are painful to expel and. in severe cases, bleeding can occur.

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Coughs and colds

Coughs and colds are viruses that are spread from one person to another.

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Crohn’s disease

Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines, but is closely related to another chronic inflammatory condition that involves only the colon called ulcerative colitis.

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Crush injury

A crush injury is when the body, or a part of the body, is crushed between two objects, such as in traffic accidents which are the main cause of crush injuries.

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Cyanosis is a severe condition caused by an inadequate supply of oxygen to the blood stream.

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Cystic fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease of the mucus and sweat glands. It affects mainly the lungs and pancreas, but it can also affect other parts of the body including the liver, nose and sinuses and reproductive organs. Normally, cells in these parts of the body make mucus and other secretions. Sufferers with cystic fibrosis have cells that do not function correctly, making mucus and secretions thicker than normal.

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A cyst can occur anywhere on or in the body, and it takes the form of a sac which may also contain fluids or semi-solid material.

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