Browse Conditions A-Z


Back ache

Back ache means any pain in the back that comes from a disorder in the spine or in structures associated with the spine. Backache can be constant, which manifests as just a dull ache. Or it can be acute, intermittent and agonising. The pain, such as in sciatica, can also radiate to other parts of the body, and it can be accompanied by tingling, weakness or numbness.

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Bacterial infections

Bacterial infections are infectious diseases that are caused by bacteria, such as tuberculosis, pneumonia, tetanus, typhoid fever, diphtheria, syphilis and leprosy.

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Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder — or as it’s sometimes known, manic depression — is a lifelong condition. It’s an illness that causes shifts in a person's mood, energy and ability to function.

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Blood diseases

There are many different kinds of blood diseases and blood disorders, ranging from simple and complex anaemia to clotting disorders, such as pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis.

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Borderline personality disorder (BPD)

A sufferer of borderline personality disorder (BPD) will typically experience disturbance in their personality function over a long period of time, otherwise known as ‘mood swings’, ‘black and white thinking’ and depression.

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Brain injury

Brain injury — otherwise known as Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) or intracranial injury — is a prime cause of death worldwide and can occur from any kind of impact to the head including falls, car accidents or interpersonal acts of a violent nature.

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Breathing difficulties

Breathing difficulties are known in the medical profession as ‘dyspnea’ which comes from the Latin for shortness of breath (SOB). It is a common symptom found in many health conditions, especially cardiovascular and respiratory disorders.

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Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining in the bronchial tubes, which is the airway that connects the windpipe to the lungs. When bronchitis is contracted, it is often painful and difficult for air to pass through and in and out of the lungs when breathing.

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Bulimia nervosa — or more commonly known as just bulimia — is an eating disorder where there is an intense dread of putting on weight.

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A burn is caused when the skin is exposed to a variety of elements such as fire, frost and ice, electricity, chemicals, light, radiation or friction.

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Bursitis means inflammation of a bursa.

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